From 1935 onwards, Hilde Lotz-Bauer was commissioned by Werner Koerte to photograph palaces and Roman fountains. From 1937 onwards, some of her photographs appeared in articles in the Kunstgeschichtliches Jahrbuch by the Bibliotheca Hertziana. In the photographs from this early Roman period, she used her view camera and the Leica for as objective a documentation as possible, in which artistic accents can also be found. This small section on Rome comprises entirely photographs which have been kindly made available by Franz Schlechter (Heidelberg). The best experiences of space in Rome include the open squares, which Lotz-Bauer recorded in her photographs. The oval Piazza del Popolo receives travellers arriving in the city from the north. The view leads the traveller from the square to the south, where the Capitoline Hill presents itself as an unusual theatrical backdrop. A panoramic view from the Capitoline Hill focuses on the Santa Maria di Loreto and SS. Nome di Maria churches. A few people standing silhouetted in front of the majestic Trajan’s column come across almost as decorative figures. Rome in the snow is a rare occurrence, documented in this case at the Piazza Trinità dei Monti. From there, the view of the Spanish Steps imparts an impression of the monumental stairway. After the Lateran council, Mussolini ordered the demolition of a street row in the Borgo district, the medieval district between St. Peter’s Basilica and the River Tiber, in 1936. The photographs by Hilde Lotz-Bauer report on a significant and dramatic moment in the city’s history, when the old buildings had to make way for the new Via della Conciliazione.